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Vocational rehabilitation experiences of transition-age youth with autism spectrum disorder across states: Prioritizing modifiable factors for research


Autor/in:

Roux, Anne M.; Anderson, Kristy A.; Rast, Jessica E. [u. a.]


Herausgeber/in:

k. A.


Quelle:

Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 2018, Volume 49 (Number 3), Seite 309-325, Amsterdam: IOS Press, ISSN: 1052-2263 (Print); 1878-6316 (Online)


Jahr:

2018



Abstract:


Background:

Tremendous state-level variation exists in the Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) service experiences of transition-age youth with autism spectrum disorder (TAY-ASD). Individual-level factors alone have not adequately explained differences in VR service utilization and employment outcomes for these youth, and the socio-demographic and economic state-level factors examined to date are largely non-modifiable.

Objective:

This study aimed to identify and prioritize modifiable state-level policies and practices that may affect VR service utilization and outcomes of TAY-ASD.

Methods:

We used a modified, two-round Delphi approach with 12 subject matter experts within this mixed methods study.

Results:

Twenty-three factors of VR service use and outcomes were rated in the top half of importance scores - most of which were also in the top half of modifiability scores. These factors were organized into five themes regarding capacity, efficient and effective VR processes, innovation, inter-agency efforts, and staff training and competency. All participants agreed that these themes captured the main types of factors that might be driving state-level variability in VR outcomes.

Conclusions:

This study identified key themes and modifiable factors for investigation within next-step research. Studying these themes and factors may enable researchers to learn from what is working in some states to enhance employment outcomes for TAY-ASD.


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Dokumentart:


Zeitschriftenbeitrag / Forschungsergebnis




Bezugsmöglichkeit:


Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation
Homepage: https://content.iospress.com/journals/journal-of-vocational-...

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Referenznummer:

R/ZA8819


Informationsstand: 16.01.2019

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